London Metropolitan Archives - Item Details

SURREY AND KENT COMMISSION OF SEWERS

Date of Creation:

1569-1854

Reference Code:

SKCS

Scope and Content:
  • Letters patent appointing Commissioners, 1727-1840; writs to swear in Commissioners and to summon juries, 1727-1830; qualification book containing forms of declaration of £100 property owners, 1834-1844; court minutes and presentments, 1569-1642; court minutes, 1677-1781; court orders, 1703-1781; court minutes and orders, 1781-1847; General Purposes Committee minutes, 1820-1847; plans and sections of sluices, sewers, washways, culverts, roads, streets and wharves; original presentments of juries, not reproduced in full in the minutes, 1743-1793; out letter books, 1833-1848; financial records, 1789-1854 and rate books, 1723-1848.
Extent: 24.73 linear metres
Classification: LOCAL AUTHORITIES: LONDON-WIDE ELECTED BODIES
Site Location: London Metropolitan Archives
Level of Description:
    Collection

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Administrative History:
  • Early Commissioners of Sewers were solely concerned with land drainage and the prevention of flooding, not with the removal of sewage in the modern sense. In 1531 an Act of Sewers was passed which set out in great detail the duties and powers of Commissioners and governed their work until the 19th century. Gradually a permanent pattern emerged in the London area of seven commissions, five north and two south of the Thames, with, after the Great Fire, a separate commission for the City of London. The London commissioners had more extensive powers than those in other parts of the country; they had control over all watercourses and ditches within two miles of the City of London as well as newly constructed drains and sewers. After 1800 the London commissioners also obtained powers to control the formation of new sewers and house drains.

    Letters Patent for the Surrey and Kent Commissioners of Sewers were issued in 1554. Its minutes begin in 1570 and it was the earliest of the London Commissions to be established on an organised basis. The area of its jurisdiction ran from East Molesey in Surrey to the River Ravensbourne, and included Lambeth, Southwark, Bermondsey, Newington, Deptford, Rotherhithe, Clapham, Battersea, Camberwell, Vauxhall, Wandsworth, Putney, Barnes, Kew, Lewisham, Walworth, Kennington, Nine Elms, Peckham and New Cross. The area of jurisdiction remained the same throughout the three centuries during which it functioned. It is worth pointing out that the areas listed above are no longer in Surrey and Kent but are part of Greater London.
Creator: Surrey and Kent Commissioners of Sewers
Copyright: Depositor
Source of Acquisition:
  • Acquired with the records of its successor body, the Metropolitan Board of Works. An additional presentment roll was received in 1963 (AC/63/057).
Access Restrictions: These records are available for public inspection, although records containing personal information are subject to access restrictions under the UK Data Protection Act, 2018
Physical Condition: Mostly fit, some rolls are too fragile to be handled. Microfilm is available.
Arrangement: SKCS/1-9: Letters Patent; SKCS/10-16: Writs; SKCS/17: Qualification Book; SKCS/18-64: Court Minutes and Orders; SKCS/65-68: General Purpose Committee; SKCS/69-258: Original Contracts; SKCS/259-301: Presentments; SKCS/302-305: Correspondence; SKCS/306-330: Financial Records; SKCS/332-918: Rate Books; SKCS/919-920: Printed Papers; SKCS/P and SKCS/PR: Plans and maps.