London Metropolitan Archives - Item Details

MARYLEBONE MAGISTRATES COURT

Date of Creation:

1905-1994

Reference Code:

PS/MAR

Scope and Content:
  • Records of Marylebone Magistrates Court, 1905-1994, including court registers; means registers; legal aid registers and licensing registers. Court registers record the date of the hearing, the name of the informant or complainant (often the police), the name of the defendant, a brief note of the offence and the decision of the magistrate.
Extent: 101.15 linear metres (1978 volumes)
Classification: COURTS: MAGISTRATES
Site Location: London Metropolitan Archives
Level of Description:
    Collection

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Administrative History:
  • Marylebone Magistrates Court:
    After the Second World War the County Court at 179 Marylebone Road, at the corner with Seymour Place, was still in session, as it had been for the previous hundred years or so. In 1961 the old Marylebone Police Court moved from Seymour Place into a former swimming baths at 181 Marylebone Road. Marylebone Magistrates Court was closed and transferred to City of Westminster Magistrates Court in March 2007.

    The police courts dealt with a wide range of business coming under the general heading of 'summary jurisdiction', i.e. trial without a jury. The cases heard were largely criminal and of the less serious kind. Over the years statutes created many offences that the courts could deal with in addition to Common Law offences. Examples include: drunk and disorderly conduct, assault, theft, begging, possessing stolen goods, cruelty to animals, desertion from the armed forces, betting, soliciting, loitering with intent, obstructing highways, and motoring offences. Non-criminal matters included small debts concerning income tax and local rates, landlord and tenant matters, matrimonial problems and bastardy.

    Offences beyond the powers of the Court would normally be passed to the Sessions of the Peace or Gaol Delivery Sessions in the Old Bailey (from 1835 called the Central Criminal Court). From the late 19th century such cases would be the subject of preliminary hearings or committal proceedings in the magistrates' courts.

    Outside the London Police Court Area but within the administrative county of Middlesex lay justices continued to deal with both criminal offences and administrative matters such as the licensing of innkeepers.

Creator: Marylebone Magistrates Court
Copyright: Depositor
Source of Acquisition:
  • Deposited in multiple accessions made from 1984 onwards:
  • ACC/2002
  • ACC/2489
  • B00/030
  • B01/092
  • B01/101
Access Restrictions: These records are available for public inspection, although records containing personal information are subject to access restrictions under the UK Data Protection Act, 2018
Physical Condition: Fit
Arrangement: PS/MAR/A/01 - PS/MAR/A/10: Court registers
PS/MAR/A/11 - PS/MAR/A/14: Other registers