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LONDON TERRORIST ATTACK 7 JULY 2005: MEMORIALS TO VICTIMS

Reference Code:  LMA/4469

Site Location
London Metropolitan Archives
Level of Description
Collection
Date
2005
Extent
10.59 linear metres
Scope and Content
This collection contains memorials to the victims of the terrorist attacks in London on July 7th 2005. It includes Books of Condolence, along with ephemera (cards, flowers and objects) left at the memorial gardens which were established at stations and public gardens in the days following the attacks, as a focal point for public mourning. The books of condolence were sent to the Mayor of London and the Greater London Authority; the items left at the memorial gardens came from families, individuals, businesses and organisations from all around the world in a variety of languages. Some are personal testaments to those injured, killed or missing, and others more general reactions to the event or expressions of religious belief. Where victims of the attacks are specifically addressed, their names have been recorded where possible. A selection of the names of those leaving messages have also been noted. This collection will be of interest not only to those studying the events of the War on Terror and its effects on London, but also to those interested in public demonstrations of grief and those examining the role of the media in twenty-first century Britain.
Classification
COLLECTIONS
Administrative History
On 7 July 2005 London was brought to a standstill by a series of four co-ordinated suicide bomb attacks on its transport systems during the morning rush-hour. The first three bombs exploded at 8.50am within seconds of each other within the London Underground network: the first on an eastbound Circle Line train between Liverpool Street and Aldgate; the second on a westbound Circle Line train which had just left Edgware Road, heading for Paddington; the third on a southbound Piccadilly Line train travelling between Kings Cross and Russell Square. The final bomb detonated almost an hour later, on an eastbound number 30 bus, in Upper Woburn Place close to the British Medical Association building. The bus had been diverted through Upper Woburn Place as a result of the earlier explosion on the Piccadilly Line and was carrying extra passengers who had been forced to find alternative means of transport due to the earlier attacks. In total 56 people, including the four bombers, were killed, and hundreds more wounded.
Related Material
Pieces of artwork inspired by the terrorist attacks have been donated by the people of London to the Metropolitan Police, London Underground and the Mayor of London. For an oral history interview relating to these events see LMA/4641
Copyright
Gift Copyright to these records rests with the City of London
Access Restrictions
These records are available for public inspection, although records containing personal information are subject to access restrictions under the UK Data Protection Act, 1998
Arrangement
This collection has been arranged as follows: LMA/4469/A - BOOKS OF CONDOLENCE; LMA/4469/B - EPHEMERA LEFT AT MEMORIAL GARDENS.
Creator
Various.
Source of Acquisition
These records were collected by the Mayor of London and Greater London Authority (GLA) in the months following July 2005 and were transferred to LMA on various occasions from October 2005 to 2007. B05/084 B05/085 B05/125 B05/144 B05/154 B06/118 B06/175 B07/073
Language Notes
Messages are largely written in English although a number of other international languages are also present.
Physical Condition
Fit
Publication Notes
Material in LMA's library collection includes: 'The Bombing of London 2005', Andrew Langley, Raintree 2005 {21.19 LAN}; '7/7: The London Bombings and The Iraq War', Milan Rai, Pluto Press 2006 {21.19 RAI}; 'For the Love of Anthony: A Mother's search for peace after the London Bombings', Marie Fatayi-Williams, Hodder and Stoughton 2006 {66.0 FAT}.

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