London Metropolitan Archives - Item Details

STANDARD CHARTERED BANK

Date of Creation:

1851 - 1989 (Deeds from 173-)

Reference Code:

CLC/B/207

Scope and Content:
  • Mainly records of predecessor companies of Standard Chartered Bank, including African Banking Corporation; Bank of British West Africa; Bank of Nigeria; Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China; Eastern Bank Limited; E D Sassoon Banking Company Limited and related companies, London and South African Bank; P & O Banking Corporation Limited; Standard Bank of South Africa Limited and Wallace Brothers and Company (Holdings) Limited (together with Bombay Burmah Trading Corporation Limited)

    The papers include foundation papers; minutes and agendas [except signed Board and Committee minutes which are retained by the bank]; annual reports and accounts; financial and taxation records; papers relating to branches and agencies; agreements; papers relating to shareholders and investments; correspondence (including a large series of letterbooks for Standard Bank of South Africa); statistics; photographs; publicity material; administrative records and original banknotes and cheques.

    Detailed introductions to records of each company are given within each sub-fonds level.

    ACCESS: 48 hours notice is required for access, except photographs which are available to consult without requiring 48 hours' notice. Access to records less than 45 years old should be sought from the depositor (contact details may be obtained from a member of staff). Records relating to staff and customers are mainly subject to access restrictions under the Data Protection Act. Cheques and banknotes are available only with advance notice and at the discretion of the LMA Director.

    OWNERSHIP: These records are owned by the depositor, with the exception of the records of Wallace Brothers, E D Sassoon and related companies which have been donated to the City of London

    PARTNERSHIP PROJECT AND CORPORATE HISTORY:
    In 2010 London Metropolitan Archives (LMA) began a partnership project with Standard Chartered Bank to catalogue archives of Standard Chartered Bank and its predecessors. The 'Windows on the World - here for good' project aimed to enable a definitive history of Standard Chartered Bank and its impact worldwide to be written. The cataloguing of the archive facilitated the writing of a comprehensive history of Standard Chartered Bank to coincide with its 160th anniversary. The cataloguing was completed by the end of 2013 and the new corporate history 'Crossing Continents: A History of Standard Chartered Bank' by Duncan Campbell-Smith is planned for publication, the date is to be confirmed by the Bank (status correct as of October 2016).

    For more information on the project please see 'Windows on the Word': cataloguing the archives of the Standard Chartered Bank' by Amy Proctor and Anne-Marie Purcell in 'Business Archives' Number 109, November 2014, pages 13-27.

    Also see article 'Looking for Africa: Sources at the London Metropolitan Archives' by Richard Wiltshire in 'African Research and Documentation', SCOLMA’s journal on libraries, archives and information science relating to Africa and African studies. Number 126, 2014, pages 29-35 (added to LMA Library 2016)
Extent: 14821 production units
Classification: BUSINESSES
Site Location: Held offsite - access by appointment only
Level of Description:
    Collection

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Administrative History:
  • Standard Chartered Bank was formed in 1969 when the Standard Bank Limited merged with the Chartered Bank. This merger created the Standard Chartered Banking Group Limited; the group consisted of the Standard Bank and the Chartered Bank along with their principal subsidiaries and associated companies.

    Immediately following the merger both banks continued to operate separately with each maintaining their own board of directors and a third board being created for the Standard Chartered Banking Group Limited. It was not until 1973 that the General Management of both banks were amalgamated and 1974 when the three boards of directors were all run by the same people. On 1 October 1975 the name of the company was changed to Standard Chartered Bank Limited. In 1983 all banking operations of both Standard Bank and Chartered Bank were brought together into one company, titled, Standard Chartered Bank. In 1985 the parent company was again renamed to Standard Chartered PLC.

    Following the 1969 merger the bank retained City of London headquarter premises at 10 Clements Lane (former headquarters of Standard Bank Limited) and at 38 Bishopsgate (former headquarters of Chartered Bank). In 1990 new premises were opened in Aldermanbury Square for all London staff and in 20--, the headquarters were moved to 1 Basinghall Avenue, where the bank remains situated (as at 2014)

    CHARTERED BANK OF INDIA AUSTRALIA AND CHINA

    The Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China, known from 1956 as The Chartered Bank, was established by Royal Charter in 1853. It was an overseas exchange bank, based in and controlled from the City of London. It was established to take advantage of the end of the East India Company's monopoly in 1853.

    For further information on this bank, see the sub-fonds level descriptions

    STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA

    The Standard Bank of British South Africa Limited, known as the Standard Bank of South Africa Limted from 1881, was incorporated on the 18 October 1862 in Port Elizabeth, South Africa. Initially operating within British controlled areas, the bank gradually expanded its network to include branches across South, East and Central Africa responding to the economic development and growth of the regions.

    For further information on this bank, see the sub-fonds level descriptions

    Both the Chartered and the Standard Banks acquired shares in and merged with many other banks. Geographical ranges these covered are included below, for detailed administrative histories for these institutions please see the relevant sub-fonds.

    GEOGRAPHICAL RANGE:

    African Banking Corporation: British South Africa, Nigeria and New York

    Bank of British West Africa: Canary Islands, Cameroon, Egypt, Fernando Po [Equatorial Guinea], Gambia, Ghana, Hamburg, Morocco, Nigeria and Sierra Leone. An Agency was operated in New York by Standard Bank of South Africa on BBWA's behalf.

    Bank of Nigeria: Nigeria and Ivory Coast

    Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China: India, China, Hong Kong, Vietnam, Cambodia, Siam [Thailand], Burma [Myanmar], Singapore, the Malay States, the Philippines, Indonesia, Japan, Ceylon [Sri Lanka], North Borneo, Brunei, Sarawak, Pakistan and East Pakistan. There were also branches in New York [United States of America], Hamburg [Germany], London and some UK cities. Despite its name, the bank never operated in Australia. The bank acquired the Eastern Bank Limited's interests in the middle east, see below for locations. The bank also acquired the Ionian Bank's Cyprus branches

    Eastern Bank Limited: India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, Singapore, Malaysia, Yemen, Qatar, Iraq, Bahrain, Lebanon, Sharjah [United Arab Emirates], Abu Dhabi, Dubai and Oman

    P & O Banking Corporation Limited: India, Sri Lanka, China and Singapore

    E D Sassoon Banking Company Limited: London, India and China, Gulf ports, Iraq and Japan

    Standard Bank of South Africa: Cape Province, Natal, Orange Free State, Transvaal [South Africa]. After amalgamations; Cameroon, Canary Islands, Ghana, Gambia, Kenya, Ivory Coast, Malawi, Nigeria, Rhodesia [Zimbabwe], Sierra Leone, Zambia and Zanzibar. There were also branches in New York [United Sates of America], Hamburg [Germany] and London.

    Wallace Brothers and Company (Holdings) Limited: India, Burmah [Myanmar], Thailand, Java [Indonesia], Malaysia and East Africa


Creator: Various
Copyright: Depositor
Source of Acquisition:
  • 1974/011
  • 1974/019
  • 1974/022
  • 1988/040
  • 1989/007
  • 1989/040
  • 1989/040
  • 1994/076
  • 1996/067
  • 1997/039
  • 2001/007
  • 2008/036
  • B11/068
  • B12/009
  • B12/025
  • B12/068
  • B13/020
  • B13/059
  • B13/091
  • B13/104
  • B13/107
  • B13/171
  • 1974/036
  • 1974/037
  • 1974/041
  • 1975/046
  • B18/012
  • B18/086
Access Restrictions: Access by appointment only. Please contact staff These records are available for public inspection, although records containing personal information are subject to access restrictions under the UK Data Protection Act, 2018
Arrangement: Arrangement:
CLC/B/207-1: AFRICAN BANKING CORPORATION
CLC/B/207-2: BANK OF BRITISH WEST AFRICA
CLC/B/207-3: BANK OF NIGERIA
CLC/B/207-5: EASTERN BANK LIMITED
CLC/B/207-6: EASTERN BANK LIMITED: MUNDHRA LOAN
CLC/B/207-7: LONDON AND SOUTH AFRICAN BANK
CLC/B/207-8: WALLACE BROTHERS AND COMPANY (HOLDINGS) LIMITED
CLC/B/207-9: WALLACE BROTHERS AND COMPANY (HOLDINGS) LIMITED: BOMBAY BURMAH TRADING CORPORATION LIMITED
CLC/B/207-10: WALLACE BROTHERS AND COMPANY (HOLDINGS) LIMITED: BOMBAY COMPANY LIMITED
CLC/B/207-11: WALLACE BROTHERS AND COMPANY (HOLDINGS) LIMITED: F F CHRESTIEN AND COMPANY, MICA PRODUCERS, INDIA
CLC/B/207-12: WALLACE BROTHERS AND COMPANY (HOLDINGS) LIMITED: GLAZEBROOK, STEEL AND COMPANY LIMITED
CLC/B/207-13: WALLACE BROTHERS AND COMPANY (HOLDINGS) LIMITED: KEROSENE OIL COMPANY LIMITED
CLC/B/207-14: WALLACE BROTHERS AND COMPANY (HOLDINGS) LIMITED: LESLIE AND ANDERSON LIMITED
CLC/B/207-15: WALLACE BROTHERS AND COMPANY (HOLDINGS) LIMITED: WALLACE AND ADAM LIMITED
CLC/B/207-16: WALLACE BROTHERS AND COMPANY (HOLDINGS) LIMITED: WALLACE AND COMPANY BOMBAY
CLC/B/207-17: WALLACE BROTHERS AND COMPANY (HOLDINGS) LIMITED: WALLACE EVANS AND COMPANY
CLC/B/207-18: WYER AND HAWKE
CLC/B/207-19: LESLIE AND ANDERSON LIMITED
CLC/B/207-20: WALLACE BROTHERS NOMINEES LIMITED
CLC/B/207-21: WALLACE BROTHERS FINANCE LIMITED
CLC/B/207-22: WALLACE BROTHERS DEVELOPMENTS LIMITED
CLC/B/207-23: WALLACE BROTHERS AND COMPANY (HOLDINGS) LIMITED: HERMES SECURITIES LIMITED
CLC/B/207/AR01: ARNHOLD AND COMPANY LIMITED: ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL
CLC/B/207/AR02: ARNHOLD AND COMPANY LIMITED: OPERATIONS
CLC/B/207/AR03: ARNHOLD AND COMPANY LIMITED: STAFF AND EMPLOYMENT
CLC/B/207/CH01: CHARTERED BANK OF INDIA, AUSTRALIA AND CHINA: CORPORATE
CLC/B/207/CH02: CHARTERED BANK OF INDIA, AUSTRALIA AND CHINA: SHARES
CLC/B/207/CH03: CHARTERED BANK OF INDIA, AUSTRALIA AND CHINA: ADMINISTRATION
CLC/B/207/CH04: CHARTERED BANK OF INDIA, AUSTRALIA AND CHINA: ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL
CLC/B/207/CH05: CHARTERED BANK OF INDIA, AUSTRALIA AND CHINA: OPERATIONS
CLC/B/207/CH06: CHARTERED BANK OF INDIA, AUSTRALIA AND CHINA: LEGAL
CLC/B/207/CH07: CHARTERED BANK OF INDIA, AUSTRALIA AND CHINA: BRANCHES AND AGENCIES
CLC/B/207/CH08: CHARTERED BANK OF INDIA, AUSTRALIA AND CHINA: STAFF AND EMPLOYMENT
CLC/B/207/CH09: CHARTERED BANK OF INDIA, AUSTRALIA AND CHINA: PREMISES AND PROPERTY
CLC/B/207/CH10: CHARTERED BANK OF INDIA, AUSTRALIA AND CHINA: HISTORY
CLC/B/207/ED01: E D SASSOON BANKING COMPANY LIMITED: CORPORATE
CLC/B/207/ED02: E D SASSOON BANKING COMPANY LIMITED: SHARES
CLC/B/207/ED03: E D SASSOON BANKING COMPANY LIMITED: ADMINISTRATION
CLC/B/207/ED04: E D SASSOON BANKING COMPANY LIMITED: ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL
CLC/B/207/ED05: E D SASSOON BANKING COMPANY LIMITED: OPERATIONS
CLC/B/207/ED06: E D SASSOON BANKING COMPANY LIMITED: LEGAL
CLC/B/207/ED07: E D SASSOON BANKING COMPANY LIMITED: STAFF AND RETIREMENT
CLC/B/207/ED08: E D SASSOON BANKING COMPANY LIMITED: PREMISES AND PROPERTY
CLC/B/207/ED09: E D SASSOON BANKING COMPANY LIMITED: HISTORY
CLC/B/207/ES01: E D SASSOON AND COMPANY LIMITED: CORPORATE
CLC/B/207/ES02: E D SASSOON AND COMPANY LIMITED: SHARES
CLC/B/207/ES03: E D SASSOON AND COMPANY LIMITED: ADMINISTRATION
CLC/B/207/ES04: E D SASSOON AND COMPANY LIMITED: ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL
CLC/B/207/FE01: FAR EASTERN NOMINEES (ENGLAND) LIMITED: CORPORATE
CLC/B/207/FE02: FAR EASTERN NOMINEES (ENGLAND) LIMITED: SHARES
CLC/B/207/FE03: FAR EASTERN NOMINEES (ENGLAND) LIMITED: ADMINISTRATION
CLC/B/207/FE04: FAR EASTERN NOMINEES (ENGLAND) LIMITED: ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL
CLC/B/207/GR01: GRINDLAYS AND COMPANY: ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL
CLC/B/207/NB01: NATIONAL BANK OF INDIA: CORPORATE
CLC/B/207/NB02: NATIONAL BANK OF INDIA: OPERATIONS
CLC/B/207/NBM01: NATIONAL BANK OF MALAWI: CORPORATE
CLC/B/207/NCC01: NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL CREDIT CORPORATION: CORPORATE
CLC/B/207/PC01: P & O BANKING CORPORATION LIMITED: CORPORATE
CLC/B/207/PC02: P & O BANKING CORPORATION LIMITED: SHARES
CLC/B/207/PC03: P & O BANKING CORPORATION LIMITED: ADMINISTRATION
CLC/B/207/PC04: P & O BANKING CORPORATION LIMITED: ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL
CLC/B/207/PC05: P & O BANKING CORPORATION LIMITED: OPERATIONS
CLC/B/207/PC06: P & O BANKING CORPORATION LIMITED: STAFF AND EMPLOYMENT
CLC/B/207/PC07: P & O BANKING CORPORATION LIMITED: PREMISES AND PROPERTY
CLC/B/207/SCB01: STANDARD CHARTERED BANK LIMITED: CORPORATE
CLC/B/207/SCB03: STANDARD CHARTERED BANK LIMITED: ADMINISTRATION
CLC/B/207/SCB08: STANDARD CHARTERED BANK LIMITED: MARKETING AND ADVERTISING
CLC/B/207/SCB09: STANDARD CHARTERED BANK LIMITED: STAFF AND EMPLOYMENT
CLC/B/207/SCB10: STANDARD CHARTERED BANK LIMITED: PREMISES
CLC/B/207/SCB11: STANDARD CHARTERED BANK LIMITED: HISTORY
CLC/B/207/SCH01: STANDARD CHARTERED OVERSEAS HOLDINGS LIMITED: CORPORATE
CLC/B/207/SG03: STANDARD BANK OF GHANA LIMITED: ADMINISTRATION
CLC/B/207/SL03: STANDARD BANK OF SIERRA LEONE LIMITED: ADMINISTRATION
CLC/B/207/SN03: STANDARD BANK OF NIGERIA: ADMINISTRATION
CLC/B/207/ST01: STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA (LATER THE STANDARD BANK LIMITED): CORPORATE
CLC/B/207/ST02: STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA (LATER THE STANDARD BANK LIMITED): SHARES
CLC/B/207/ST03: STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA (LATER THE STANDARD BANK LIMITED): ADMINISTRATION
CLC/B/207/ST04: STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA (LATER THE STANDARD BANK LIMITED): ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL
CLC/B/207/ST05: STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA (LATER THE STANDARD BANK LIMITED): OPERATIONS
CLC/B/207/ST06: STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA (LATER THE STANDARD BANK LIMITED): LEGAL
CLC/B/207/ST07: STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA (LATER THE STANDARD BANK LIMITED): NON-HEAD OFFICE BRANCHES AND OFFICES
CLC/B/207/ST08: STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA (LATER THE STANDARD BANK LIMITED): MARKETING AND ADVERTISING
CLC/B/207/ST09: STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA (LATER THE STANDARD BANK LIMITED): STAFF AND EMPLOYMENT
CLC/B/207/ST10: STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA (LATER THE STANDARD BANK LIMITED): PREMISES AND PROPERTY
CLC/B/207/ST11: STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA (LATER THE STANDARD BANK LIMITED): HISTORY
CLC/B/207/STA01: STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA LIMITED: CORPORATE
CLC/B/207/STA08: STANDARD BANK OF SOUTH AFRICA LIMITED: STAFF AND EMPLOYMENT
CLC/B/207/STF01: STANDARD BANK FINANCE AND DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION LIMITED: CORPORATE
CLC/B/207/SWA01: STANDARD BANK OF WEST AFRICA: CORPORATE
Related Material: Most records of Standard Chartered Bank after 1969 are held by the bank.
Some important records have been retained at London head office. These comprise all board and committee minutes, and records of shareholders. Also held are printing blocks for bank notes of the Chartered Bank
In addition, not all the records listed in L.S. Pressnell and J. Orbell, "Guide to the historical records of British banking" (1985), or by the Business Archives Council in 1979-80, have been deposited. The whereabouts of these other records are unknown.
Related material can also be found in;
Standard Bank Heritage Centre, Johannesburg (records of the managers and offices in South Africa) including printing blocks for bank notes of Standard Bank formerly held by London head office.
Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC) Group Archives, London
Appraisal: For further details of the process of Guildhall Library appraisal and accessioning of the bank's archival material, see Stephen Freeth's article in the Journal of the Society of Archivists; 'Destroying archives: a case study of the records of Standard Chartered Bank' by S G H Freeth (Keeper of Manuscripts, Guildhall Library, London), Journal of the Society of Archivists Volume 12, Number 2, Autumn 1991
Language Notes: Most records were submitted to Head Office in English. Some local languages are present and details are recorded at file level